Tipos de estandares ISO para SGs

Tipos de estándares ISO para SGs

Se han preguntado alguna vez ¿Cuantos tipos de estándares ha publicado la organización ISO para Sistemas de Gestión hay?, en realidad son 2 familias con 2 tipos cada una:

La Familia de estándares certificables, si  o no.

La ISO clasifica a los estándares de los Sistemas de Gestión como tipo A o B que básicamente la ISO define como “Los SG’s Tipo A contienen requisitos contra los cuales una organización puede reclamar conformidad, mientras que los MSS Tipo B no los tienen.”,

Aún más simple los estándares de los SG’s tipo A son certificables, estos se muestran en la tabla siguiente:

Standard number Title
9001 Quality management systems — Requirements
10012 Measurement management systems — Requirements for measurement processes and measuring equipment
13485 Medical devices — Quality management systems — Requirements for regulatory purposes
14001 Environmental management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
14298 Graphic technology — Management of security printing processes
15378 Primary packaging materials for medicinal products — Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2008, with reference to Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)
17582 Quality management systems — Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2008 for electoral organizations at all levels of government
18788 Management system for private security operations — Requirements with guidance for use
19443 Quality management systems — Specific requirements for the application of ISO 9001 and IAEA GS-R requirements by organizations in the Supply Chain of the Nuclear Energy sector
20121 Event sustainability management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
20252 Market, opinion and social research — Vocabulary and service requirements
21001 Educational organizations — Management systems for educational organizations — Requirements with guidance for use
21101 Adventure tourism — Safety management systems — Requirements
21401 Accommodation facilities — Sustainability management system — Requirements
22000 Food safety management systems — Requirements for any organization in the food chain
22163 Railway applications — Quality management systems — Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015 in the rail sector
22301 Societal security — Business continuity management systems — Requirements
24526 Water efficiency management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
27001 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Requirements
27552 Information technology — Security techniques — Enhancement to ISO/IEC 27001 for privacy management — Requirements
28000 Specification for security management systems for the supply chain
28001 Security management systems for the supply chain — Best practices for implementing supply chain security, assessments and plans — Requirements and guidance
28002 Security management systems for the supply chain — Development of resilience in the supply chain — Requirements with guidance for use
29001 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Sector-specific quality management systems — Requirements for product and service supply organizations
29990 Learning services for non-formal education and training — Basic requirements for service providers
30000 Ships and marine technology — Ship recycling management systems — Specifications for management systems for safe and environmentally sound ship recycling facilities
30301 Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Requirements
30401 Human resource management — Knowledge management systems — Requirements
34700 Animal welfare management — General requirements and guidance for organizations in the food supply chain
35001 Laboratory biorisk management system — Requirements
37001 Anti-bribery management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
37101 Sustainable development in communities — Management system for sustainable development — Requirements with guidance for use
39001 Road traffic safety (RTS) management systems – Requirements with guidance for use
41001 Facilities management — Management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
44001 Collaborative business relationship management systems — Framework
45001 Occupational health and safety management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
50001 Energy management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
55001 Asset management — Management systems — Requirements
16000-40 Indoor air — Part 40: Indoor Air Quality Management System
19770-1 Information technology — IT asset management — Part 1: IT asset management systems — Requirements
20000-1 Information technology — Service management — Part 1: Service management system requirements
28007-1 Ships and marine technology — Guidelines for Private Maritime Security Companies (PMSC) providing privately contracted armed security personnel (PCASP) on board ships (and pro forma contract) — Part 1: General
34101-1 Sustainable and traceable cocoa beans — Part 1: Requirements for sustainability management systems
80079-34 Explosive atmospheres — Part 34: Application of quality systems for equipment manufacture
IWA 17 Information and operations security and integrity requirements for lottery and gaming organizations

 

Mientras que los estándares tipo B para SG´s son los que no son certificables, sino mas bien guías de como aplicar criterios de los estándares tipo A

Standard number Title
10004 Quality management — Customer satisfaction — Guidelines for monitoring and measuring
10006 Quality management systems — Guidelines for quality management in projects
10377 Consumer product safety — Guidelines for suppliers
10393 Consumer product recall — Guidelines for suppliers
14002 Environmental management systems — Guidance on how to apply ISO 14001: 2015 framework to environmental aspects, environmental topic areas and environmental conditions that affect an organization — Part 1: Title missing
14004 Environmental management systems — General guidelines on implementation
14005 Environmental management systems — Guidelines for the phased implementation of an environmental management system, including the use of environmental performance evaluation
14006 Environmental management systems — Guidelines for incorporating ecodesign
14009 Environmental management system: Guidelines for incorporating redesign of products and components to improve material circulation
16106 Packaging — Transport packages for dangerous goods — Dangerous goods packagings, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) and large packagings — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001
18091 Quality management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 in local government
19600 Compliance management systems — Guidelines
22004 Food safety management systems — Guidance on the application of ISO 22000
22006 Quality management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 to crop production
22313 Societal security — Business continuity management systems — Guidance
24518 Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services — Crisis management of water utilities
27003 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management system — Guidance
27010 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management for inter-sector and inter-organizational communications
27013 Information technology — Security techniques — Guidance on the integrated implementation of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 20000-1
27014 Information technology — Security techniques — Enhancement to ISO/IEC 27001 for privacy management — Requirements
30302 Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Guidelines for implementation
44002 Collaborative business relationship management — Guidelines on the implementation of ISO 44001
50004 Energy management systems — Guidance for the implementation, maintenance and improvement of an energy management system
50501 Innovation management – Innovation management system – Guidance
55002 Asset management — Management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 55001
90003 Software engineering — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 to computer software
90005 Systems engineering — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001 to system life cycle processes
90006 Information technology — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 to IT service management and its integration with ISO/IEC 20000-1:2011
20000-2 Information technology — Service management — Part 2: Guidance on the application of service management systems
28004-1 Security management systems for the supply chain — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 28000 — Part 1: General principles
28004-2                                   Security management systems for the supply chain — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 28000 — Part 2: Guidelines for adopting ISO 28000 for use in medium and small seaport operations
28004-3                                   Security management systems for the supply chain — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 28000 — Part 3: Additional specific guidance for adopting ISO 28000 for use by medium and small businesses (other than marine ports)
28004-4 Security management systems for the supply chain — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 28000 — Part 4: Additional specific guidance on implementing ISO 28000 if compliance with ISO 28001 is a management objective

 

Siguen la Estructura de Alto Nivel (HSL) o no.

La otra gran familia de SGs que la ISO establece para diferencias aquellos estándares que han sido actualizados o que están en revisión siguiendo la nueva estructura propuesta en el Anexo SL cuyas clausulas principales se listan enseguida:

Cláusula 1: Objeto y campo de aplicación

Cláusula 2: Referencias normativas

Cláusula 3: Términos y definiciones

Cláusula 4: Contexto de la organización

Cláusula 5: Liderazgo

Cláusula 6: Planificación

Cláusula 7: Soporte

Cláusula 8: Operación

Cláusula 9: Evaluación del desempeño

Cláusula 10: Mejora

La tabla de cuales son estos estándares ISO para SG’s es la siguiente

Standard number Title
9001 Quality management systems — Requirements
14001 Environmental management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
14298 Graphic technology — Management of security printing processes
15378 Primary packaging materials for medicinal products — Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2008, with reference to Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)
18788 Management system for private security operations — Requirements with guidance for use
19443 Quality management systems — Specific requirements for the application of ISO 9001 and IAEA GS-R requirements by organizations in the Supply Chain of the Nuclear Energy sector
20121 Event sustainability management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
21001 Educational organizations — Management systems for educational organizations — Requirements with guidance for use
21101 Adventure tourism — Safety management systems — Requirements
21401 Accommodation facilities — Sustainability management system — Requirements
22000 Food safety management systems — Requirements for any organization in the food chain
22163 Railway applications — Quality management systems — Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015 in the rail sector
22301 Societal security — Business continuity management systems — Requirements
24526 Water efficiency management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
27001 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Requirements
29001 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Sector-specific quality management systems — Requirements for product and service supply organizations
30301 Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Requirements
30401 Human resource management — Knowledge management systems — Requirements
35001 Laboratory biorisk management system — Requirements
37001 Anti-bribery management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
37101 Sustainable development in communities — Management system for sustainable development — Requirements with guidance for use
39001 Road traffic safety (RTS) management systems – Requirements with guidance for use
41001 Facilities management — Management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
44001 Collaborative business relationship management systems — Framework
45001 Occupational health and safety management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
50001 Energy management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
55001 Asset management — Management systems — Requirements
16000-40 Indoor air — Part 40: Indoor Air Quality Management System
20000-1 Information technology — Service management — Part 1: Service management system requirements
34101-1 Sustainable and traceable cocoa beans — Part 1: Requirements for sustainability management systems
14004 Environmental management systems — General guidelines on implementation
14009 Environmental management system: Guidelines for incorporating redesign of products and components to improve material circulation
19600 Compliance management systems — Guidelines
22313 Societal security — Business continuity management systems — Guidance
24518 Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services — Crisis management of water utilities
27010 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management for inter-sector and inter-organizational communications
44002 Collaborative business relationship management — Guidelines on the implementation of ISO 44001
50501 Innovation management – Innovation management system – Guidance
55002 Asset management — Management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 55001
20000-2 Information technology — Service management — Part 2: Guidance on the application of service management systems

 

Toda esta información la pueden encontrar en la página de la organización ISO donde se explica esta clasificación de los SG’s, el vinculo para ir a esa pagina lo podran encontrat en la sección de Ligas de Interés de este sitio o pueden ir directo a la pagina mediante el vínculo siguiente al sitio ISO:

“ISO Management System Standards”

Además, tiene ahí un par de ligas interesantes, una a la publicación del Anexo SL mas reciente en formato pdf y la según es una liga para bajar la base de datos en MS Excel BDconteniendo los estándares de los SG’s que la organización ISO ha publicado o está por publicar, con su estatus actual, tipo A o B y si su estructura es de alto nivel (HSL) o no

 

Una última Nota

 

Si revisan la información de cuáles son los SG’s verán que estándares como el ISO 31000 para Gestión de Riesgos y su familia no están ahí, esto debido a que este estándar no hace referencia a un modelo de un SG sino que este estándar especifica Guías y Principios para el manejo del Riesgo, en cualquier tipo de organización o idustria

 

Espero esta información les haya sido de utilidad

 

CG